INHOPE | The Facts

50 Hotlines
46 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

82% of CSAM assessed in 2021 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2021 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

96% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2021 were girls and 2% were boys.

96% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 3% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 1.5% of assessed reports.

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 32.62%
United Kingdom - 27.20%
Austria - 10.85%
Germany - 6.92%
Czech Republic - 3.85%
Poland - 3.35%
Colombia - 3.12%
Remaining countries - under 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2021, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 31%
File host 26%
Image host 25%

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 928,278
Number of illegal content URLs: 443,705

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2021

A review of 2021, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

Crisp: on the current state of digital education

Digitalisation has become an integral part of our everyday lives. Whether in entertainment, socialisation, or education - the digital experience follows us everywhere we go. The start of (...)

Crisp: on the current state of digital education

Protect children in the tourism sector

A survey by ECPAT found those working in tourism are the most likely people tourists and travellers will turn to with possible signals of sexual exploitation of children. This means you (...)

Protect children in the tourism sector

The new BIK+ Strategy

The digital environment is changing at a rapid rate, and while technological developments create many opportunities it also produces new challenges for trust and safety. Especially for y (...)

The new BIK+ Strategy

Summit Speakers on Day 2

Once again we welcome experts from around the world to participate in the INHOPE Summit. Our first hybrid conference will run over two days. The first day focuses on the importance of pr (...)

Summit Speakers on Day 2

Travelling with your eyes open

Have you been on holiday and noticed a situation out of the ordinary? A child walking alone approached by an unfamiliar person? What do you typically do in these situations? Do you look (...)

Travelling with your eyes open

Child Safety in Bulgaria

The Bulgarian Safer Internet Centre (SIC) was established in 2000 and is coordinated by the non-governmental Applied Research and Communications Fund (ARC Fund). With a strong focus on C (...)

Child Safety in Bulgaria

Summit Speakers on Day 1

Once again we welcome experts from around the world to participate in the INHOPE Summit. Our first hybrid conference will run over two days. The first day focuses on the importance of pr (...)

Summit Speakers on Day 1

Perpetrator arrested: Impact of Reporting

By making a report to his national Child Sex Exploitation in Tourism hotline, a New Zealand man has provided crucial evidence in a criminal case against a child sexual abuse suspect.

Perpetrator arrested: Impact of Reporting

The impact of online grooming

Grooming refers to the 'actions deliberately undertaken with the aim of befriending and establishing an emotional connection with a child, in order to lower the child’s inhibitions in (...)

The impact of online grooming

A look behind our Annual Review

During 2021, the INHOPE network focussed strongly on people and technology. In fact, in the past three years, INHOPE has taken great strides in both its (...)

A look behind our Annual Review