46 Hotlines
42 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

90 % of CSAM assessed in 2018 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims aged between 3 to 13 years has increased.

The proportion of assessed reports depicting female victims has declined since 2017. However, girls still represent the majority of victims depicted in CSAM. In the first half of 2019, already over 90% of victims have been registered as pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

80% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2018 were girls and 17% were boys.

80% of victims were girls

From 2017 to 2018 the proportion of victims that were girls reduced from 94,2% to 80,5% while the number of victims that were boys increased from 4,3% to 16,8 %. The proportion including both genders rose from 1,4% to 2,7%. In the first half of 2019 we see that over 90% of victims depicted in CSAM are girls.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

In 2018, 44,33% of CSAM was hosted in Netherlands.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

From the graph you can see how this looks.

In 2018, the majority is hosted in the United States 24,92%, Netherlands 44,33%, Russian Federation 8,61%, France 5,96% and Slovakia 4,94%.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

84% of the content was hosted on image hosting services. In the first half of 2019, we see 85% of detected CSAM is hosted on image hosting service.

84% Image host
7% File host
5% Website
4% Other

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

226,999 images and videos were assessed as illegal, an increase of 51% on 2017.

Reporting Patterns

The following graphs provide an insight into the past two and a half years of ICCAM data – 2017, 2018 and the first half of 2019 (January to June).

Between 2017 and 2018, the number of illegal images & videos increased by 51%. This rapid rate of increase correlates with the increase in reports collected through ICCAM.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2018/2019

A review of 2018 and 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

Save the Children Finland - Changes to the Finnish Crimnal Code & release of 2019 Annual Report

In Finland, in early July, the Ministry of Justice issued a draft to the Minister of Justice to suggest amendments to the Criminal Code in regard to sexual offences.

Save the Children Finland - Changes to the Finnish Crimnal Code & release of 2019 Annual Report

A European Commission Funded Initiative all about Collaboration

The European Commission has been addressing the evolving needs of internet safety through a succession of Safer Internet funding programmes running from 1999 to 2013.

A European Commission Funded Initiative all about Collaboration

Crisp becomes INHOPE Silver Partner

Long-term supporters of INHOPE, UK-based Crisp have recently entered into an enhanced relationship as a Silver Partner.

Crisp becomes INHOPE Silver Partner

COVID-19 and INHOPE member hotlines

Strong and resilient, INHOPE member hotlines have continued the fight against child sexual abuse material (CSAM) online during the Coronavirus pandemic.

COVID-19 and INHOPE member hotlines

Polish hotline 2019 Annual Report & Anniversary

This year marks the #15th anniversary of Dyżurnet.pl.

Polish hotline 2019 Annual Report & Anniversary

INHOPE announces its Annual INHOPE Summit is to be hosted online

Our third annual INHOPE Summit will take place online. The Virtual Conference will be on 22-23 September. This year’s summit is centered around how we all have a role in the fight agai (...)

INHOPE announces its Annual INHOPE Summit is to be hosted online

Flexibility is key - APLE Cambodia’s online awareness raising campaigns.

In the midst of adversity, APLE is committed to overcome and adapt in order to stay focused in its more important goal: protecting children from online and offline sexual abuse and explo (...)

Flexibility is key - APLE Cambodia’s online awareness raising campaigns.

Italy reports 8,331 cases of missing minors in 2019

In 2019 Italy recorded 8,331 claims of missing minors, of which 5,376 were foreign children.

Italy reports 8,331 cases of missing minors in 2019

Introducing Ora de Net - Romanian Safer Internet Program name change

The Safer Internet Program was established in Romania in 2008, with funding from the European Commission, and the aim of promoting the use of the internet by children and adolescents in (...)

Introducing Ora de Net - Romanian Safer Internet Program name change

Bulgarian hotline's successful 2019

The Bulgarian Hotline processed 10 000 reports in 2019.

Bulgarian hotline's successful 2019