46 Hotlines
42 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Gender of victims

Gender of victims

91% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2019 were girls and 7% were boys.

91% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 11% from 2018. Children of both genders were depicted in 2% of assessed reports.

Age of the victims

Age of the victims

92% of CSAM assessed in 2019 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2019 show that the median age of victims is getting younger with 92% of victims under the age of 13.

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

320,672 images and videos were assessed as illegal, roughly 100,000 more than 2018.

Reporting Patterns

Statistics fact: the number of CSAM related images and videos processed by INHOPE hotlines from 2017 to 2019 has almost doubled.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

As in previous years, INHOPE hotlines continue to report that CSAM is mostly found on image hosting sites.

83% Image host
6% File host
6% Website
5% Other

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

Netherlands - 79%
France - 10%
Slovakia - 4%
Latvia - 2%
Germany, Romania & Bulgaria - 1%

World Wide Hosting Patterns

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2019

A review of 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

E -privacy directive temporary derogation

INHOPE’s vision is an internet free of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) material online.

E -privacy directive temporary derogation

EU Strategy to fight child sexual abuse – Part 2

Following on from point 1, point 2 of the EU strategy for a more effective fight against child sexual abuse is: Ensure that EU legislation enables an effective response

EU Strategy to fight child sexual abuse – Part 2

EU Strategy to fight child sexual abuse - Part 1

As part of the Safer Internet Forum (SIF), Denton Howard, Executive Director of INHOPE, chaired a multi-stakeholder panel with experts from hotlines, law enforcement agencies, industry, (...)

EU Strategy to fight child sexual abuse - Part 1

Law Enforcement in the fight against Child Sexual Abuse Material - Part 3

Last week we discussed the potential benefits and challenges of the use of Artificial Intelligence in the fight against CSAM. This week we’re looking at the challenges faced by law enf (...)

Law Enforcement in the fight against Child Sexual Abuse Material - Part 3

Safer Internet Forum 2020

With a theme of “Digital (dis)advantage: creating an inclusive world for children and young people online”, Safer Internet Forum (SIF) 2020 will take place online, with the main sess (...)

Safer Internet Forum 2020

Artificial Intelligence in the fight against Child Sexual Abuse Material - Part 2

Last week we looked at how fighting crime is changing in the 21st Century. This week we’re exploring the benefits of using Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the fight against CSAM...

Artificial Intelligence in the fight against Child Sexual Abuse Material - Part 2

The Czech series about cyberbullying #martyisdead is nominated for the International Emmy award

The Czech thriller series #martyisdead was nominated for the international television Emmy award.

The Czech series about cyberbullying #martyisdead is nominated for the International Emmy award

Fighting Crime in the 21st Century - Part 1

The creation and spread of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) is a problem which knows no national or sector-specific boundaries. That’s why INHOPE believes in the need for internation (...)

Fighting Crime in the 21st Century - Part 1

Networks exchange experiences & best practices

The INHOPE and Insafe networks are holding a joint training meeting online. Insafe and INHOPE work together through a network of Safer Internet Centres (SICs) across Europe and this two- (...)

Networks exchange experiences & best practices

INHOPE is a winner of End Violence Against Children's new #SafeOnline funding round

Through the fourth Safe Online investment round of $10 million, End Violence is making another significant contribution to the global fight against online child sexual exploitation and a (...)

INHOPE is a winner of End Violence Against Children's new #SafeOnline funding round