46 Hotlines
42 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Gender of victims

Gender of victims

91% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2019 were girls and 7% were boys.

91% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 11% from 2018. Children of both genders were depicted in 2% of assessed reports.

Age of the victims

Age of the victims

92% of CSAM assessed in 2019 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2019 show that the median age of victims is getting younger with 92% of victims under the age of 13.

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

320,672 images and videos were assessed as illegal, roughly 100,000 more than 2018.

Reporting Patterns

Statistics fact: the number of CSAM related images and videos processed by INHOPE hotlines from 2017 to 2019 has almost doubled.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

As in previous years, INHOPE hotlines continue to report that CSAM is mostly found on image hosting sites.

83% Image host
6% File host
6% Website
5% Other

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

Netherlands - 79%
France - 10%
Slovakia - 4%
Latvia - 2%
Germany, Romania & Bulgaria - 1%

World Wide Hosting Patterns

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2019

A review of 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

Technology and online child protection

Technology has always played an important role in protecting children from harmful content online.

Technology and online child protection

APLE Cambodia's Criminal Justice Development trainings

In Cambodia, a challenge faced by the child protection community has been the lack of resources and skills that law enforcement agencies have had.

APLE Cambodia's Criminal Justice Development trainings

FPB Contributes to CSAM Sentencing in South Africa

Convictions of alleged paedophiles in South Africa are the result of lengthy and stringent processes, by a number of law enforcement agencies and experts, working in tandem to build a so (...)

FPB Contributes to CSAM Sentencing in South Africa

Combatting Cybercrime using AviaTor

Law enforcement is reacting to the industry, as companies in the United States like Facebook and Google are required by law to proactively scan their systems...

Combatting Cybercrime using AviaTor

ChildWebAlert Revamps Online Reporting System

ChildWebAlert, Malta’s national online platform for the reporting of child sexual abuse material, has recently undergone a revamp.

ChildWebAlert Revamps Online Reporting System

FSM’s role of self-regulation under the German Network Enforcement Act

The Voluntary Self-Regulation for Multimedia Service Providers (FSM) was recognised by the Federal Office of Justice as the first institution of regulated self-regulation under the Netwo (...)

FSM’s role of self-regulation under the German Network Enforcement Act

Investigating the dynamics of illegal online activity: The power of reporting, dark web, and related legislation

In order to shed light on the operations of SafeLine, and its seventeen years of successful operation as a member of INHOPE, the Greek Safer Internet Center has published a research pape (...)

Investigating the dynamics of illegal online activity: The power of reporting, dark web, and related legislation

INHOPE Members Elect New Board

On Wednesday 22nd August INHOPE held its Annual General Meeting - this year, online.

INHOPE Members Elect New Board

INHOPE Launches 2019 Annual Report

The INHOPE network has seen a year of huge growth in both size and strength.

INHOPE Launches 2019 Annual Report