47 Hotlines
43 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

92% of CSAM assessed in 2019 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2019 show that the median age of victims is getting younger with 92% of victims under the age of 13.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

91% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2019 were girls and 7% were boys.

91% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 11% from 2018. Children of both genders were depicted in 2% of assessed reports.

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

320,672 images and videos were assessed as illegal, roughly 100,000 more than 2018.

Reporting Patterns

Statistics fact: the number of CSAM related images and videos processed by INHOPE hotlines from 2017 to 2019 has almost doubled.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

As in previous years, INHOPE hotlines continue to report that CSAM is mostly found on image hosting sites.

83% Image host
6% File host
6% Website
5% Other

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

Netherlands - 79%
France - 10%
Slovakia - 4%
Latvia - 2%
Germany, Romania & Bulgaria - 1%

World Wide Hosting Patterns

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2019

A review of 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

YouTube launch new supervised experiences for tweens and teens

YouTube is launching new supervised experiences to enhance safety for teens and tweens. Adding to their YouTube Kids option which has been available since 2015, YouTube has recognised th (...)

YouTube launch new supervised experiences for tweens and teens

What is the difference between a hotline and a portal?

On our homepage you will find a list of every country in which you can report suspected Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) online. However, as the map indicates, in some countries you re (...)

What is the difference between a hotline and a portal?

Google publishes data on their efforts to combat CSAM

Google, a valued partner of INHOPE since 2015, uses a combination of automated detection tools and specially trained reviewers to identify Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) on their ser (...)

Google publishes data on their efforts to combat CSAM

A Huge Leap in Legislation for Nepal: Are Children Safer?

Starting 2018 with virtually no legislation on Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM), Nepal is now criminalizing the production, distribution, sale and possession of CSAM. This huge leap f (...)

A Huge Leap in Legislation for Nepal: Are Children Safer?

What is ICCAM & Why is it important?

ICCAM is a secure platform used to collect, exchange and classify reports of child sexual abuse material which supports the rapid removal of the content from the internet. This process i (...)

What is ICCAM & Why is it important?

Become a Member of the INHOPE Advisory Board

The International Association of Internet Hotlines (INHOPE) is seeking Expressions of Interest (EOI) from individuals to be appointed to the INHOPE Advisory Board.

Become a Member of the INHOPE Advisory Board

How to become 'Stress-Proof'

Short bursts of stress are an inevitable part of modern life. But how much is too much? Mithu will discuss the tools from her latest book which is an actionable guide to reducing stress, (...)

How to become 'Stress-Proof'

What if...? INHOPE Focus Group 2021

What if every member of the public knew what to do if they came across Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) or suspected CSAM, the same way they know what to do and who to call if there is (...)

What if...? INHOPE Focus Group 2021

What is image hashing?

Image hashing is the process of using an algorithm to assign a unique hash value to an image. Duplicate copies of the image all have the exact same hash value. For this reason, it is som (...)

What is image hashing?

INCIBE Launch #StopChildAbuse Campaign

The Spanish National Cybersecurity Institute (INCIBE) has launched a new awareness-raising campaign, #StopChildAbuse

INCIBE Launch #StopChildAbuse Campaign