90 % of CSAM assessed in 2018 depicted children under 13 years of age.
80% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2018 were girls and 17% were boys.
In 2018, 44,33% of CSAM was hosted in Netherlands.
The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.
226,999 images and videos were assessed as illegal, an increase of 51% on 2017.
CSAM stands for Child Sexual Abuse Material.
INHOPE’s secure software solution to collect, exchange and categorise reports of child sexual abuse material. ICCAM is used by INHOPE hotlines in different jurisdictions (countries) and INTERPOL. The name ICCAM is derived from the phrase ‘I see Child Abuse Material.’
A hotline enables the public to anonymously report online material they suspect may be illegal. A hotline analyst will investigate the report and if confirmed illegal, they act to have the content removed from the internet as rapidly as possible.
A ‘Report’ (when we talk about a report to a hotline) is a URL that has been reported to a hotline by a member of the public or industry that contains potentially illegal images or videos. One report can contain an unlimited number of images and videos. Often a single report can have a thousand CSAM items.
Assessed images & videos: In order to determine the illegality of images and videos on a particular URL, an analyst has to review the content that is visible on the reported URL. Assessed images and videos refers to all the images and videos that have been found on the reported URL.
Content (CSAM) removed is the time stamp recorded on ICCAM when a hotline confirms that the instance of the image and/or video has been removed from the internet.
Forwarded ICCAM Reports: When a hotline receives a report from the public or industry, an analyst reviews the report to determine whether it is illegal. If deemed to be illegal CSAM, the analyst traces its hosting location and then instantly forwards the URL to the hotline in the hosting country. The forwarding takes place within ICCAM (INHOPE’s secure platform).
‘Illegal images & videos’ refers only to content that has been classified as illegal by an INHOPE member hotline
ISP stands for Internet Service Provider. This also refers to ESP’s (Electronic Service Providers)
LEA stands for Law Enforcement Agency
Notice and Takedown (NTD) is the time from when a hotline receives a report to the time a hotline reports it to Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA), Internet Service Providers (ISP) and ultimately that the instance of the content is removed from the internet
A review of 2018 and 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.
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For older reports - click here.
The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.
The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.
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