INHOPE | The Facts

50 Hotlines
46 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

82% of CSAM assessed in 2021 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2021 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

96% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2021 were girls and 2% were boys.

96% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 3% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 1.5% of assessed reports.

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 32.62%
United Kingdom - 27.20%
Austria - 10.85%
Germany - 6.92%
Czech Republic - 3.85%
Poland - 3.35%
Colombia - 3.12%
Remaining countries - under 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2021, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 31%
File host 26%
Image host 25%

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 928,278
Number of illegal content URLs: 443,705

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2021

A review of 2021, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

We are INHOPE

The topic of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) is often hard to discuss. It's taboo and challenging, however, its a prevalent issue and INHOPE needs to become a household name. The publ (...)

We are INHOPE

Quality Assurance External Evaluator

We are looking for an external evaluator for our Quality Assurance Programme. As part of the Safer Internet Centres’(SIC) programme and the Better Internet for Kids programme funded by (...)

Quality Assurance External Evaluator

Amazon becomes INHOPE funding Partner

Taking action today is Amazon, our newest annual funding partner. We are delighted to welcome Amazon and its global subsidiaries in becoming our newest sponsors, reflecting their continu (...)

Amazon becomes INHOPE funding Partner

What is self-generated CSAM?

Self-generated Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) is sexually explicit content created by and featuring children below the age of eighteen. These images can be taken and shared intention (...)

What is self-generated CSAM?

Operations Manager Vacancy (interim)

INHOPE’s Interim Operations Manager will be responsible for the organisations’ operations and implementation of projects. Working closely with the Executive Director, they will ensur (...)

Operations Manager Vacancy (interim)

Project Manager Vacancy

INHOPE’s Project Manager Global Standard is the person responsible for the implementation of the Global Standard Project. They will coordinate the project’s activities and project st (...)

Project Manager Vacancy

What is CSAM?

Child Sexual Abuse Material which is also known as CSAM has different legal definitions in different countries. The standard definition applied defines CSAM as being "imagery or videos w (...)

What is CSAM?

Shaping the digital world with funding from ZEPETO

Our digital environment is constantly evolving and expanding, and like our universe, there is a lot we are yet to discover. What is possible now would have been unimaginable a decade ago (...)

Shaping the digital world with funding from ZEPETO

What is a QAP?

The abbreviation QAP stands for Quality Assurance Programme, which is a method of monitoring and continuously improving services, standards and practices of INHOPE member hotlines.

What is a QAP?

Technical Data Analyst

INHOPE is the global network combatting online Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM). The network consists of 50 hotlines in 46 countries that provide the public with a way to anonymously r (...)

Technical Data Analyst