46 Hotlines
42 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

77% of CSAM assessed in 2020 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2020 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

93% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2020 were girls and 5% were boys.

93% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 2% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 2% of assessed reports.

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 21%
Austria - 21%
United Kingdom - 12%
Canada - 10%
Colombia - 9%
Germany - 5%
Poland, United States, Ireland; each 3%
Czech Republic, Finland, each; 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2020, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 48%
Image host 24%
File host 13%

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 1038268
Number of illegal content URLs: 267192

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2020

A review of 2020, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

11th Conference on E-abuse of Children

On 23 September 2021, the Spletno oko Hotline, Criminal Police Directorate of the General Police Directorate and the ICT Association at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia o (...)

11th Conference on E-abuse of Children

Telefono Azzurro education for the Sustainable Development Festival

On September 29th, Telefono Azzurro held a hybrid conference “Quality and digital education: a challenge for the empowerment of new generations" - on the occasion of the Italian Sustai (...)

Telefono Azzurro education for the Sustainable Development Festival

What is a Helpline vs a Hotline?

Helplines provide confidential advice and assistance to young people, adults and carers.

What is a Helpline vs a Hotline?

Understanding the work of Digital First Responders Part 2

Day two of the INHOPE Summit was about proactive conversations and collaborations with law enforcement, key tech players and linking to the network.

Understanding the work of Digital First Responders Part 2

Understanding the work of Digital First Responders Part 1

This year we focused on the first line of defence combatting the crisis of illegal content online. Digital first responders are the Trust and Safety operations, content moderation teams (...)

Understanding the work of Digital First Responders Part 1

Future proofing technology

As we look towards 2030, we can already foresee many exciting developments and opportunities to come for adults and children in the online world. The European Commission’s Digital Dec (...)

Future proofing technology

A Global Network with a global voice

We are proud to announce that the INHOPE website is going multilingual with the launch of its German translation..

A Global Network with a global voice

The value of a global network

In our 2020 Annual Report, we state that the INHOPE network is present in 60% of the countries where CSAM is hosted. So where are all of the hotlines in the INHOPE network, and what’s (...)

The value of a global network

What is Paedophilia?

Paedophilia (pedophilia) is a sexual disorder in which a person experiences sexual feelings towards pre-pubescent children. For some people, this is associated with sexual feelings exclu (...)

What is Paedophilia?

What is Capping?

Capping is the act of capturing imagery of videos of others performing sexual acts without their knowledge or consent.

What is Capping?