INHOPE | The Facts

50 Hotlines
46 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

82% of CSAM assessed in 2021 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2021 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

96% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2021 were girls and 2% were boys.

96% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 3% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 1.5% of assessed reports.

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 32.62%
United Kingdom - 27.20%
Austria - 10.85%
Germany - 6.92%
Czech Republic - 3.85%
Poland - 3.35%
Colombia - 3.12%
Remaining countries - under 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2021, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 31%
File host 26%
Image host 25%

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 928,278
Number of illegal content URLs: 443,705

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Data Map

Filter map by...
Asia
Australia
Europe
  1. hosting patterns
  2. reporting data
  3. takedown times
  4. site types where csam is hosted
Organisations in Antigua and Barbuda
Organisations in Bahamas
Organisations in Barbados
Organisations in Belize
Organisations in Canada
Organisations in Costa Rica
Organisations in Cuba
Organisations in Dominica
Organisations in Dominican Republic
Organisations in El Salvador
Organisations in Grenada
Organisations in Guatemala
Organisations in Haiti
Organisations in Honduras
Organisations in Jamaica
Organisations in Mexico
Organisations in Nicaragua
Organisations in Panama
Organisations in Saint Kitts and Nevis
Organisations in Saint Lucia
Organisations in Trinidad and Tobago
Organisations in United States
Organisations in Argentina
Organisations in Bolivia
Organisations in Brasil
Organisations in Chile
Organisations in Colombia
Organisations in Ecuador
Organisations in Guyana
Organisations in Paraguay
Organisations in Peru
Organisations in Suriname
Organisations in Uruguay
Organisations in Venezuela
Organisations in Afghanistan‎
Organisations in Armenia‎
Organisations in Azerbaijan‎
Organisations in Bahrain‎
Organisations in Bangladesh‎
Organisations in Bhutan‎
Organisations in Brunei‎
Organisations in Cambodia‎
Organisations in China
Organisations in Cyprus‎
Organisations in East Timor‎
Organisations in Egypt‎
Organisations in India‎
Organisations in Indonesia‎
Organisations in Iran‎
Organisations in Iraq‎
Organisations in Israel
Organisations in Japan

Internet Hotline Center Japan (SIEMPLE)

Types of Reports:
CSAM, Child Abduction, Child Trafficking, Adult Pornography, Adult Pornography accessible to kids. Others: Obscene Information, Drug-related Information, Information on Prostitution.

Organisations in Jordan‎
Organisations in Kazakhstan‎
Organisations in Kuwait‎
Organisations in Kyrgyzstan‎
Organisations in Laos‎
Organisations in Lebanon‎
Organisations in Malaysia‎
Organisations in Maldives‎
Organisations in Mongolia‎
Organisations in Myanmar‎
Organisations in Nepal‎
Organisations in Northern Cyprus‎
Organisations in Oman‎
Organisations in Pakistan‎
Organisations in Philippines‎
Organisations in Qatar‎
Organisations in Russia‎
Organisations in Saudi Arabia‎
Organisations in Singapore‎
Organisations in Sri Lanka‎
Organisations in Syria‎
Organisations in Taiwan‎
Organisations in Tajikistan‎
Organisations in Thailand
Organisations in Turkey‎
Organisations in Turkmenistan‎
Organisations in United Arab Emirates‎
Organisations in Uzbekistan‎
Organisations in Vietnam‎
Organisations in Yemen‎
Organisations in Australia
Organisations in Belgium

Child Focus

Types of reports

  • Child Sexual Abuse Material
  • Child Erotica/Inappropriate Child-Related Images
  • Child Nudism
  • Child Grooming Activities
  • Trafficking
  • Child Sex Tourism
  • Adult Porn accessible to children
Organisations in Germany

Eco

Types of reports:

  • Child Sexual Abuse Material
  • Child Erotica/Inappropriate Child Related Images
  • Child Grooming Activities
  • Adult Pornography (Accessible to Children)
  • Extreme Adult Content
  • Racism and Xenophobia
  • Promoting Violence Against Individuals
  • Other Content Harmful to Minors
  • Unsolicited Commercial Emails

FSM

Types of reports

  • Child Sexual Abuse Material
  • Child Erotica/Inappropriate Child Related Images
  • Child Grooming Activities
  • Adult Porn Accessible to Children
  • Adult Pornography
  • Extreme Adult Content
  • Zoophilia
  • Racism and Xenophobia
  • Content against the human dignity
  • Promoting Violence Against Individuals
  • other content harmful to minors

jugendschutz.net

types of reports

  • Child Sexual Abues Material
  • Child Erotica/Inappropriate Child Related Images
  • Child Grooming Activities
  • Adult Porn Accessible to Children
  • Adult Pornography
  • Extreme Adult Content
  • Racism and Xenophobia
  • Political extremism
  • Promoting Violence Against Individuals
  • Self-harm behaviour
  • Drugs
Organisations in France

Point de Contact

Overview
Member since 1998.

Point de Contact is part of the French Safer Internet Centre, together with Internet Sans Crainte and Net Ecoute.

Organisations in Netherlands

Meldpunt Kinderporno

  1. types of reports CSAM, trafficking etc
  2. legislation in place
  3. notice and takedown process followed
Organisations in United Kingdom

Internet Watch Foundation

  1. types of reports CSAM, trafficking etc
  2. legislation in place
  3. notice and takedown process followed
Organisations in Albania

Isigurt AL - CRCA

Overview
Established: 2015
Joined: 2021

Organisations in Andorra
Organisations in Armenia
Organisations in Austria

Stopline Ispa

Overview
Established in: 1998
Member since: 1999 (founding member).

The Stopline Hotline is part of the Austrian Safer Internet Centre, with ISPA, Saferinternet.at and 147 Rat auf Draht.

Organisations in Belarus
Organisations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Organisations in Bulgaria
Organisations in Croatia
Organisations in Cyprus
Organisations in Czech Republic
Organisations in Denmark
Organisations in Estonia
Organisations in Finland
Organisations in Georgia
Organisations in Greece
Organisations in Hungary
Organisations in Iceland
Organisations in Ireland
Organisations in Italy
Organisations in Latvia
Organisations in Liechtenstein
Organisations in Lithuania
Organisations in Luxembourg
Organisations in Malta
Organisations in Moldova
Organisations in Monaco
Organisations in Montenegro
Organisations in North Macedonia
Organisations in Norway
Organisations in Poland
Organisations in Portugal
Organisations in Romania
Organisations in Russia
Organisations in San Marino
Organisations in Serbia
Organisations in Slovakia
Organisations in Slovenia
Organisations in Spain
Organisations in Sweden
Organisations in Switzerland
Organisations in Turkey
Organisations in Ukraine
Organisations in Vatican City
Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2021

A review of 2021, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

Tether joins fight against CSAM in Web3

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Tether joins fight against CSAM in Web3

INHOPE launches Project CPORT

Project CPORT is a two-year project funded by the European Commission DG Home via Internal Security Fund (ISF) that launched on January 1, 2023.

Leading the project, INHOPE is co (...)

INHOPE launches Project CPORT

Meet Ian, INHOPE's new Project Manager

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Meet Ian, INHOPE's new Project Manager

Content Marketing Intern

INHOPE is the global network combatting online Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM). And our vision is a digital world free of CSAM. We are looking for someone who shares our vision and mi (...)

Content Marketing Intern

INHOPE launches new season of webinars for Trust and Safety professionals

INHOPE is excited to announce the 2023 series of Expert Insights webinars, featuring top industry experts sharing their knowledge and insights on a variety of topics focused on combating (...)

INHOPE launches new season of webinars for Trust and Safety professionals

A word from our Partner Zepeto (Naver Z)

ZEPETO’s mission is to make play powerful through freedom of identity, creative expression, and meaningful connections. Ensuring the safety and well-being of users throughout their exp (...)

A word from our Partner Zepeto (Naver Z)

Parental Supervision as a Digital Safeguard

With the festive season behind us, many children and young people have likely received tech devices as presents. During this season – and all year round – it is important to remember (...)

Parental Supervision as a Digital Safeguard

Launch of the first European Virtual Forum

We are pleased to announce that INHOPE will be hosting "Exploitation is Abuse" as the topic of its first European Virtual Forum (EVF) in 2023. This event will deepen our understanding of (...)

Launch of the first European Virtual Forum

How Yoti is changing the Digital Safety Landscape

Is age-estimation technology the future of digital safety? INHOPE interviewed to Julie Dawson, Chief Policy and Reg (...)

How Yoti is changing the Digital Safety Landscape

We are INHOPE

The topic of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) is often hard to discuss. It's taboo and challenging, but it's a prevalent issue and INHOPE needs to become a household name. The public n (...)

We are INHOPE